Sensors monitor methane emissions

| Information and Communication Technology

Hyperspectral imaging optical sensors monitor industrial methane emissions

Methane detection optical sensors can map industrial emissions from space at a resolution of 100 times higher than comparable technologies currently in operation

Canadian company GHGSat, which specialises in high-resolution GHG monitoring from space, has launched three new ABB-built optical sensors into space aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, doubling capacity to monitor methane gas emissions.

GHGSat’s hyperspectral imaging technology accurately locates and measures methane emissions from any given industrial site on earth. The launch of three new ABB-built high-resolution methane sensors doubles the company’s capacity to monitor customer sites. In addition to the three units being launched – Luca, Penny and Diako – five additional units dedicated to methane measurements are currently under construction at ABB.

Space is the only location allowing emissions to be monitored freely across jurisdictions and report on improvements or otherwise. Measuring different sites with the same sensor ensures that emissions are compared consistently. Space measurements are also especially useful for sites where ground sensors are economically not viable or too complex to deploy.

GHGSat announced the initial constellation contract with ABB in October 2020, with first deliveries started in 2021. The launch of three additional units strengthens GHGSat’s lead in-orbit, operating the world’s largest constellation in the world dedicated to GHG emission monitoring.

Methane Reduction

According to the International Energy Agency, methane is responsible for around 30 percent of the rise in global temperatures since the Industrial Revolution, and rapid and sustained reductions in methane emissions are key to limiting near-term global warming and improving air quality .

Commenting on how critical the data from space satellites is in the reduction of greenhouse gases, Stephane Germain, CEO of GHGSat explains that satellite data enables global stakeholders globally to take immediate action for a sustainable future with the first full year of commercial operation for GHGSat satellites confirming the impact the technology can have.

“We’re excited about doubling our capacity and accelerating the changes needed to make a difference for our planet,” he says.

Marc Corriveau, General Manager ABB Measurement & Analytics Canada continued by saying that this launch is an exciting milestone for the team at ABB as it applies the efficiency of the company’s serial production knowhow to space sensors manufacturing, which in the past has been mainly fulfilled using one-off contracts.

“Our partnership with GHGSat led to a paradigm shift in the industrial space sector. Not only does this set new standards in our space offering for the private sector, which is growing at a rapid pace, but it also allows us to expand our expertise and the products that we offer,” he says.

For more than two decades, with involvement in the Canadian SCISAT mission and the Japanese GOSAT satellites programme, ABB has stood at the forefront of greenhouse gas sensing from space. ABB optical equipment already in space has accumulated more than 100 years of reliable operation. Since 2003, the SCISAT sensor has been tracking long-term subtle composition changes in the Earth’s atmosphere down to parts per trillion of more than 70 molecules and pollutants.

Weather agencies across the world base their predictions on ABB equipment flying onboard the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather satellites (NPP and JPSS), which improves the timeliness and accuracy of weather forecasts for up to seven days, helping save lives through advanced warning evacuations.

Jonathan Newell
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